Not a fashion famous brand. Hermes ransomware, the predecessor to Ryuk. NCSC Releases Advisory on Ryuk Ransomware.

Preface: The NCSC is investigating current Ryuk ransomware campaigns targeting organisations globally, including in the UK. In some cases, Emotet and Trickbot infections have also been identified on networks targeted by Ryuk.

Technical details: Ryuk was first seen in August 2018. The Ryuk ransomware is often not observed until a period of time after the initial infection – ranging from days to months.Ryuk ransomware linked to Emotet and Trickbot banking trojans.
– The objective of Emotet conduct as a dropper feature in order to delivery for other Trojans.
– Trickbot aim to browser as a attack target, the aim to do manipulation techniques to facilitate data theft.
The structure of the encrypted file is identical to the structure used in Hermes Ransomware, including the distinctive HERMES token that this malware uses to identify files that it has already encrypted.

Remark: Cyber Criminals distributing Hermes Ransomware via dangerous malspam that contains Weaponized Password protected Word documents to encrypt the system files and lock the victim’s computer.

The pre-operation of Ryuk ransomware on infected computers:

  • Volume Shadow Server & Backup Kill
  • Installed lang check:
    0419 (Russia)
    0422 (Ukrainian)
    0423 (Belarusian)
  • Arp Blaclklist check
  • GetComputerName check
  • Process kill

Advisory report for download –

IoT world hiccups – CVE-2019-12951 Mongoose parse mqtt() Function Heap-Based Buffer Overflow Vulnerability – Now fixed – Jun 2019

Preface: Smart City look like a housekeeper. The sensor is his eye.But do you have question? He is a man or she is a woman.

Background: Mongoose is a cross-platform embedded web server and networking library with functions including different protocol (TCP, HTTP, WebSocket, Server MQTT client and broker).

What is MQTT? MQTT is a simple messaging protocol, designed for constrained devices with low-bandwidth. It works on the TCP/IP protocol suite.

Vulnerability details: An issue was discovered in Mongoose before 6.15. The parse_mqtt() function in mg_mqtt.c has a critical heap-based buffer overflow.

Impact: It could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (DoS) condition on a targeted system (see attached diagram).

Reference: Example of arbitrary code

strcpy(char *dest, const char *src) – May overflow the dest buffer
strcat(char *dest, const char *src) – May overflow the dest buffer

The vendor has released a bug fix –

Cisco security advisory – DCNM – Jul 2019

Preface: The vendor announce that they found vulnerability on their product means they are responsible. Even though it is not a good news. But believe that it is under control.

Product background: Data Center Network Manager (DCNM) is the network management platform for all NX-OS-enabled deployments .

Vulnerability details: Authentication Bypass Vulnerability occurs due to improper session management. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted HTTP request to the affected device. As a result it bypass credential input and receive victim login connection.

Information supplement: Why should a session be maintained? When there is a series of continuous request and response from a same client to a server, the server cannot identify from which client it is getting requests. Because HTTP is a stateless protocol. When there is a need to maintain the conversational state, session tracking is needed.

Refer to attach diagram, an hints will provide an idea to you what is happen on such design weakness.

Vendor announcement: Please refer to URL

Additional: Arbitrary File Upload and Remote Code Execution Vulnerability –

A design flaw – The CVE dictionary entry submitted on 2018 (cve-2018-10239), vendor official announcement of the first publication on May 13, 2019.

Preface: You can still find the default username and password on your computer today! Coincidentally, they share common characteristics. They have super user capabilities.

Synopsis: Infoblox delivers essential technology to enable customers to manage, control and optimize DNS, DHCP, IPAM .

Vulnerability Details: A privilege escalation vulnerability in the “support access” feature on Infoblox NIOS 6.8 through 8.4.1 could allow a locally authenticated administrator to temporarily gain additional privileges on an affected device and perform actions within the super user scope.

Enabling this feature allows Infoblox Support (Tier 3 access) to perform root level diagnostics on an appliance that is in severe distress. A special key is required to access the appliance at root level, and only Infoblox Support (Tier 3) can generate this key.

But do you think the following details need attention? Only superusers can access the CLI. To ensure security, access to the CLI is permitted through a direct console connection only. Note that activating the option Enable Remote Console Access in the Grid or Member Properties editor will result in a non-compliant system.

Use the following default user name and password to login.

Remark: Default password can be changed.

Remedy: Issue has been resolved in NIOS 8.4.2.

Country to country APT attack mechanism not complex, believe that it exploit design flaw instead of backdoor – Jun 2019

Preface: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, …

Synopsis: Mongoose is a cross-platform embedded web server and networking library with functions including different protocol (TCP, HTTP, WebSocket, Server MQTT client and broker). Since the footprint is small and capable to enables any Internet-connected device to function as a web server. Whereby, the temperature, weather monitoring device and Smart City sensor will make use of it. Most nuclear reactors use water as a moderator, which can also act as a coolant. So IoT temperate is the major component in this area.

Reference: When temperature senor sense the temperature exceed safety level. It will apply graphite to slows neutrons fission.
So the logarithmic reduction of neutron energy per collision.

Vulnerability details: A vulnerability in Cesanta Mongoose could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (DoS) condition on a targeted system. If the newly allocated data chances to hold a class, in C++ for example, various function pointers may be scattered within the heap data. If one of these function pointers is overwritten with an address to valid shellcode, execution of arbitrary code can be achieved.

Remedy: At the time this alert was first released, the vendor has not issued a security advisory.

Microsoft Exchange server 2013 and new version of product are vulnerable to NTLM relay attacks (2019)

Preface: A privilege escalation is possible from the Exchange Windows permissions (EWP) security group to compromise the entire prepared Active Directory domain.

Vulnerability details: A tool capable for performing ntlm relay attacks on Exchange Web Services (EWS). It spawns an SMBListener on port 445 and an HTTP Listener on port 80, waiting for incoming connection from the victim. Once the victim connects to one of the target, an NTLM negociation occurs and is relayed to the target EWS server.

Hints: Do not contempt the vulnerability on workstation. It is one of the way which assists the hacker to do the privileges escalation. If the compromised workstation is the domain member. Hacker relies on NTLM vulnerability to do the priviliges escalation. That is, they remotely execute malicious code on any Windows machine or authenticate to any HTTP server that supports Windows Integrated Authentication (WIA). For instance, the Exchange server and ADFS (Active Directory Federation Services).

Official announcement:

Apply an update –

Disable EWS push/pull subscriptions – In an Exchange Management console, execute the following commands:

  • New-ThrottlingPolicy -Name NoEWSSubscription -ThrottlingPolicyScope
  • Organization -EwsMaxSubscriptions 0
  • Restart-WebAppPool -Name MSExchangeServicesAppPool

Linux world worries! CVE-2019-11477 TCP SACK PANIC – Kernel vulnerability (Jun 2019)

Preface: Router, SD-WAN,Load-balancer, Firewall and IDS and virtual machine. Their operations are based on Linux operation system.

Background: A Selective Acknowledgment (SACK) mechanism, combined with a selective repeat retransmission policy, can help to overcome these limitations. The receiving TCP sends back SACK packets to the sender informing the sender of data that has been received.

Vulnerability details: The ‘tcp_gso_segs’ and ‘tcp_gso_size’ fields are used to tell device driver about segmentation offload. Linux SKB can hold up to 17 fragments.
With each fragment holding up to 32KB on x86 (64KB on PowerPC) of data.During this tranmission of data, the SKB structure can reach its maximum limit of 17 fragments and ‘tcp_gso_segs’ parameter can be exploited by hacker and do the overflow effect. As a result an vulnerability occurs.

Remedy: Login as “root”
echo “0” > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_sack
echo “net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0” >> /etc/sysctl.conf
sysctl -p

Reference article:

Status update (26th Jun 2019) – Linux SACK Panic vulnerability CVE-2019-11477 impact F5 Network. The information shows in following url.

CVE-2019-1625 Cisco SD-WAN Solution Privilege Escalation Vulnerability – Jun 2019

Preface: Add the Viptela SD-WAN technology to the IOS XE software running the ISR/ASR routers. Both Cisco ASR and ISR routers offer secure WAN connectivity.

Vulnerability details: A vulnerability in the CLI of Cisco SD-WAN Solution could allow an authenticated, local attacker to elevate lower-level privileges to the root user on an affected device.

Root Cause Analysis: Remote attacker to overwrite arbitrary files on the underlying operating system of an affected device. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by modifying the “save command in the Command Line Interface (CLI) of an affected device.

Impact: A successful exploit could allow the attacker to overwrite arbitrary files on the underlying operating system of an affected device and escalate their privileges to the root user .

Reference: To save the user preferences class to an XML file simply create an XML Writer and invoke the Serialize method.

Remedy: Cisco has released free software updates that address the vulnerability described in this advisory. Please refer to url –

CVE-2019-4103 IBM Tivoli Netcool Impact Arbitrary Command Execution Vulnerability – Jun 2019

Preface – You never know what will be happened tomorrow.

Synopsis: A vulnerability in IBM Tivoli Netcool Impact could allow an authenticated, adjacent attacker to execute arbitrary commands on a targeted system.

Vulnerability details: A vulnerability in IBM Tivoli Netcool Impact could allow an authenticated, adjacent attacker to execute arbitrary commands on a targeted system.At the time this alert was first published, the exploit vector was unknown due to vendor not disclosed the details.We believe that IBM Tivoli Netcool Impact 7.1 has encountered the open source vulnerabilities. The defect might be caused by CVE-2015-0227. Apache WSS4J could allow a remote attacker to bypass security restrictions, caused by the failure to properly enforce the requireSignedEncryptedDataElements property. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability using various types of wrapping attacks to bypass security restrictions and perform unauthorized actions.

IBM has released software updates at the following link:

It is hard to judge it was a self defense or attack. New York Times cyber attack news – 16th Jun 2019

Preface: Sometime, the argue in between two countries similar a child. I am going to joke with you then switch off your power.

Highlight: Headline news by the New York Times give a tremendous feeling to the world. It let the people think the cyber war is on the way. Yes, it is true. The plan to implement Astra Linux in Russian defense systems dates back to the beginning of 2018. As far as we know, Russian do not relies on Microsoft operation system anymore especially critical facilities (military, defense system and power grid). Astra Linux compatible with Siemens Simatic IPC427D workstation. And therefore it is secure to implement in power supplier facility. But….

However it is hard to guarantee the vendor hardware vulnerability, right? For instance, Denial-of-Service Vulnerability in SIMATIC S7-1200 CPU and SIMATICS7-1500 CPU.

Remark: SIEMENS SCADA software family consists of three main pillars, WinCC Pro, WinCC 7 and WinCC … WinCC Pro is popular and can be used in any – discrete or process.


What is your opinion on the headlines of the New York Times? Do you think this is a conspiracy?

Looking back – The Russia hacked the US electric grid. DHS and FBI are characterizing it as a Russian attack, noting that this was a multiyear campaign started in March 2016 by Russian government “cyber actors.”
The unconfirmed accusation of cyber attack to Russia posted by New York Times. Do you think it was a defensive action by US government?

Headline news

Astra Linux features:

– Compatibility with the Komrad SIEM system
– FSTEC certificates of the Russian Federation and FSB of the Russian Federation on Astra Linux of SE (release Smolensk)
– Compatibility with the Simatic IPC427D workstation
– Compatibility with Videoselektor
– Minobona’s certificate of the Russian Federation and FSB on Astra Linux of SE (release Leningrad)
– Compatibility with Mellanox Spectrum
– Compatibility with TerraLink xDE
– Tests of BLOK computers running SE 1.6 Astra Linux OS
– Availability of an official mirror of a repository of Astra Linux OS on
– Compatibility with JaCarta
– Compatibility with CryptoPro CSP on Elbrus and Baikal processors
– Compatibility with Linter DBMS