IoT world hiccups – CVE-2019-12951 Mongoose parse mqtt() Function Heap-Based Buffer Overflow Vulnerability – Now fixed – Jun 2019

Preface: Smart City look like a housekeeper. The sensor is his eye.But do you have question? He is a man or she is a woman.

Background: Mongoose is a cross-platform embedded web server and networking library with functions including different protocol (TCP, HTTP, WebSocket, Server MQTT client and broker).

What is MQTT? MQTT is a simple messaging protocol, designed for constrained devices with low-bandwidth. It works on the TCP/IP protocol suite.

Vulnerability details: An issue was discovered in Mongoose before 6.15. The parse_mqtt() function in mg_mqtt.c has a critical heap-based buffer overflow.

Impact: It could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (DoS) condition on a targeted system (see attached diagram).

Reference: Example of arbitrary code

strcpy(char *dest, const char *src) – May overflow the dest buffer
strcat(char *dest, const char *src) – May overflow the dest buffer

The vendor has released a bug fix – https://github.com/cesanta/mongoose/commit/b3e0f780c34cea88f057a62213c012aa88fe2deb

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