Preface: Use-After-Free vulnerability similar animal ruminating.
Background: SQLite3 is a compact free database you can use easily create and use a database. It has become very popular with smart phone developers. SQLite runs many different computer systems such as Apple OS X, Linux, and Windows. Even though Airbus, they are the SQLite3 user.
Vulnerability details: A vulnerability in SQLite3 could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on a targeted system. The vulnerability is due to a use-after-free condition in the window function functionality of the affected software. A possibility may be occurred. It let the attacker to execute arbitrary code and completely compromise the system.
Remedy: At the time this alert was first published, SQLite had not released a software update.
Preface: Business computing architecture now go to virtualization world, perhaps it is hard to imagine in five year ago!
Technical background: The libvirt library is used to interface with different virtualization technologies. It is accessible from C, Python, Perl, Java and more. Meanwhilethe libvirt project supports KVM, QEMU, Xen, Virtuozzo, VMWare ESX, LXC & BHyve. Libvirt’s built-in API is widely used in the virtual machine monitor orchestration layer in cloud solution development.
Vulnerability details: A vulnerability in libvirt could allow an authenticated, remote attacker to escalate privileges on a targeted system. The vulnerability exists because the virtlockd-admin.socket and virtlogd-admin.socket unit files do not set the SocketMode configuration parameter in the affected software.
Workaround: Disable the virtlockd-admin.socket and virtlogd-admin.socket units in systemd. Alternative customize them to add SocketMode=0600 locally.
Synopsis: As time goes by, cyber criminals formulated phishing scam through email and website visit. It seems to be a main trend. In order to avoid the attack occurs, home users installing antivirus program including malware detector, virus protection and predictive control. If web browser contains vulnerability? What we can do?
Vulnerability details: A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the script engine handles memory objects in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory and an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged in with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could control the affected system.
Preface: VDI (Virtual Desktop Infrastructure), one of the way make your IT operations secure.
Product overview: Citrix Workspace Suite is a collection of Citrix products that deliver secure access to desktops, data, applications and services to subscribers on any device, and on any network.
Vulnerability details: Citrix Workspace App before 1904 for Windows has Incorrect Access Control.
Beginning August 2018, Citrix Receiver will be replaced by Citrix Workspace app. A vulnerability has been identified in Citrix Workspace app and Receiver for Windows that could result in local drive access preferences not being enforced allowing an attacker read/write access to the clients local drives which could enable code execution on the client device.
Preface: We might have had a debate about the definition of a powerful-enough computer to be called a supercomputer or HPC system.
When Docker creates a container, it creates a new instance of the above six namespaces, and then puts all the processes in the container into these namespaces, so that processes in the Docker container can only see isolated system resources.
A process is visible to other processes in its PID namespace, and to the processes in each direct ancestor PID namespace going back to the root PID namespace.
Vulnerability details: A malicious user with local/network access to the host system (e.g. ssh) could exploit this vulnerability due to insecure permissions allowing a user to edit files within /run/singularity/instances/sing//. The manipulation of those files can change the behavior of the starter-suid program when instances are joined resulting in potential privilege escalation on the host.
Preface: When mobile computing born, cyber attack (botnet attack) and data leakage rapidly growth. Do you think this is the destiny.
Observation: A proof of concept shown that a technical limitation occurs on TenCent WeChat 7.0.4 (android version). When a stranger send a craft emoji to WeChat user. The WeChat application will be crashed once open the emoji file. The security expert found the following reason:
“vcodec2_hls_filter in libvoipCodec_v7a.so in the WeChat application through 7.0.3 for Android allows attackers to cause a denial of service”
Refer to attached diagram, the 1st phase of attack should get the IMEI. Perhaps the specify attack has per-requisite. So it let the people feeling that it is only an idea and therefore may not pay attention in high pioritty. But it is an alert signal to WeChat users. Why? Wechat’s plug-ins are encapsulated in jar files and so files in the / assets / preload directory (see attached diagram). Security expert found technical limitation on vcodec2_hls_filter in libvoipCodec_v7a.so. From technical point of view , attacker can be develop attack technique ride on this issue. Stay tuned.
Preface: In our world that is more and more vulnerable to hackers or data breaches.
Strategy Challenge: According to data privacy, security matters when choosing new software system today. Can we choose open source software deploy in medical or healthcare areas? If it is possible to use, which is Better for Open Source software?
Healthcare Cybersecurity Trends – 2019 – The National Association of County and City Health Officials say that healthcare breaches can cost up to $400 a patient. Apart of different country laws and regulations governance. A major reform in the European data protection framework establish GDPR. The GDPR introduces an obligation on data controllers to report breaches of patients’ health records to the data protection authority within 72 hours from becoming aware of the incident. A personal data breach is defined as a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data transmitted, stored or otherwise processed. The maximum administrative fine contemplated by the GDPR is of 20 million (Euro). Or 4% of a company’s annual revenue. As the above regulations and penalties are mandatory. Whereby , for the data governance prospective. The related industry define a road map. The concept of idea shown as below:
Can I use open source software for healthcare operations?
Quote: Absolutely. All Open Source software can be used for commercial purpose; the Open Source Definition guarantees this. You can even sell Open Source software. However, note that commercial is not the same as proprietary. said opensoure.org
How about the vulnerability management? As a matter of fact, it is rare for healthcare industry make use of open source software directly. In some circumstances, 3rd party vendor will do a customization on their solution thus integrate the business function to open source software. Below example can provide the details.
OpenEMR is the most popular open source electronic health records and medical practice management solution. OpenEMR is an ONC Certified HIT 2014 Edition Complete EHR product. Although it is the open source software, but it is a computer products and it is hard to avoid vulnerability occurs. The vulnerabilities occurs in two different function (see below). Hacker can be exploit these vulnerabilities by SQL injection. Since this is a SQL injection and therefore it might involves data privacy. Follow up the response from vendor side. Found that the corrective action take place and do the remediation. Perhaps the rating of the response time not easy to judge because of Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures reporting criteria and procedure. However these limitation not limit to open source software vendor. Even though the vulnerability management do not have major difference. OpenEMR issue the remedy posted on Aug 2018.
The moment of truth: A decade before , If you interview with enterprise firm CTO, are they willing to use open source software. We will receive a standard answer. It is not possible! But may be we are not aware. The open source software living with us for long time actually. PHP (recursive acronym for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a widely-used open source general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited for web development and can be embedded into HTML.
Summary: As a matter of fact, the cyber attack not merely based on a single element or component. In order to avoid the attack, even though you are not using open source software. You should have to enhance the detective and preventive control. Therefore if you would like to deploy the healthcare application system with opensource software. You have to fulfill below requirements.
Software and Patch Management Log Management Network Segmentation Block Suspicious Activity Credential Management Establish a Baseline for Host and Network Activity Organization-Wide IT Guidance and Policies
Preface: DCOM is a proprietary Microsoft technology for communication between software components on networked computers.
Technical background: High-Level applications use the DCOM client to obtain object references and make ORPC calls on the object. The DCOM client uses the RPC Protocol Extensions to communicate with the object server.
Vulnerability details: An authenticated attacker with network access to the DCOM interface could execute arbitrary commands with SYSTEM privileges. The vulnerability could be exploited by an attacker with network access to the affected system. Successful exploitation requires authentication with a low-privileged user account and no user interaction. Do you heard Windows Net-NTLMv2 Reflection DCOM/RPC attack technique? The key element is CLSID string. With the CLSID of each DCOM application, the script attempts to activate each one to check if there is a MemberType Property or Method that indicates a possibility to execute code. So…..
Preface: Gartner Reports give people direction, but sometime as a customer, you can select your appropriate product on your decision. For instance cyber security product
Technical background: SIEM software products provides real-time analysis of security alerts generated by applications and network hardware. Netwitness can investigate data capture and display the real scenario on screen.It is very important in IT world nowadays.
Synopsis: RSA security product pioneer go to the market more than decade. From 2011 acquire Netwitness and conduct a product integration. It was today naming convention security analytic. It contains SIEM, real time network activities data capture (Big data) and malware analysis (ECAT). From technical point of view, the GUI (Dashboard) and web access technology looks did not have any security enhancement.
Vulnerability details: Netwitness Platform versions prior to 188.8.131.52 and RSA Security Analytics versions prior to 10.6.6.1 are vulnerable to an Authorization Bypass vulnerability and command injection vulnerability. For more details please refer to the link below:
Preface: Before Kerberos, Microsoft used an authentication technology called NTLM.
Technical background: The biggest difference between the two systems is the third-party verification and stronger encryption capability in Kerberos. Kerberos version 4 was targeted at Project Athena in 80s. Neuman and Kohl published version 5 in 1993 to improve the limitations and enhance the security. Heimdal is an implementation of Kerberos 5 and large footprint in Sweden.
About PKINIT: Specifies the Public Key Cryptography for Initial Authentication (PKINIT) in Kerberos Protocol. This protocol enables the use of public key cryptography in the initial authentication exchange of the Kerberos Protocol (PKINIT) and specifies the Windows implementation of PKINIT where it differs from [RFC4556].
Vulnerability Details: RFC8062 Section 7 requires verification of the PA-PKINIT-KX key exchange when anonymous PKINIT is used. Failure to do so can permit an active attacker to conduct MITM.
Comment: This vulnerability not only happen in Heimdal open source product. Believe that it will have more vendor report similar problem afterwards. Heimdal has released updates via following link: https://github.com/heimdal/heimdal/tags