Differences Between Forward Proxy and Reverse Proxy:The main difference between the two is that forward proxy is used by the client such as a web browser whereas reverse proxy is used by the server such as a web server. Forward proxy can reside in the same internal network as the client, or it can be on the Internet.
About Squid: Squid is a caching proxy for the Web supporting HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and more. It reduces bandwidth and improves response times by caching and reusing frequently-requested web pages.
Security Focus: CVE-2019-12527 Squid HttpHeader::getAuth Basic Authentication Heap-Based Buffer Overflow Vulnerability – The developer point out that there is a design limitation from Auth function in http header. So a modification on files will be remediate this problem. We only quote part of the parameter. For instance
const char *
Append the following:
Besides, the remediation of CVE-2019-12525 is that it replace the fixed-size buffer for decoding base64 tokens with an SBuf to avoid decoder issues on large inputs.
Squid has released a software patch to end users – http://www.squid-cache.org/Versions/v4/changesets/squid-4-7f73e9c5d17664b882ed32590e6af310c247f320.patch