Preface: We are all scared of Ransomware!
Background: crypt32.dll is a type of DLL file, with extension of .dll. It is associated with Crypto API32 and is used to run Crypto API32 based applications. Certain sophisticated video games and software applications use crypt32.dll to get access to certain API functionality, as provided by Windows.
Vulnerability details: The bug exploits
crypt32.dll signature verification on elliptic curve.
crypt32.dll only checks for matching public key and parameters, but not the generator
G. An attacker could use your public certificate without owning its private key, combined with some other code-signing certificate issued to someone else, to bypass a publisher check this way.
Special comment: Do you think this vulnerability has relationship with surveillance program?
NSA Official announcement – https://media.defense.gov/2020/Jan/14/2002234275/-1/-1/0/CSA-WINDOWS-10-CRYPT-LIB-20190114.PDF