Microsoft Exchange 2013 and newer are vulnerable to NTLM relay attacks – 28th Jan 2019

Preface: EWS Push Subscription, you will get notifications as long as you respond to the server and acknowledge that you received the notification.

The CERT Coordination Center (CERT/CC) announcement – 29th Jan 2019: Microsoft Exchange 2013 and newer are vulnerable to NTLM relay attacks

Vulnerability detail: Exchange allows any user to specify a desired URL for Push Subscription, and the server will attempt to send notifications to this URL….. For more detail, please refer to attached diagram for reference.

Remedy:

  1. Disable EWS push/pull subscriptions.
  2. Remove privileges that Exchange has on the domain object.

Technical article for reference: https://www.kb.cert.org/vuls/id/465632/

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