CVE-2023-33025: Speculate what would cause a vulnerability to become a critical risk level (1st JAN 2024)

Preface: VoLTE stands for Voice over Long-Term Evolution or Voice over LTE. VoLTE offers the possibility to voice call via the LTE/4G* mobile network. Previously, 4G was limited to surfing the Internet. When it came to calls, your phone would automatically switch to 3G or 2G.

Background: A 5G modem-RF system is a combination of two different technologies that work together to enable 5G communication. The modem is the part of the system that processes the digital signals, including encoding and decoding data, and managing the connection to the network.

Voice over LTE, or VoLTE, is a digital packet technology that uses 4G LTE networks to route voice traffic and transmit data. From technical point of view, VoLTE uses “Internet data,” whereas traditional voice calls are circuit-switched.

Ref: For example: Qualcomm Snapdragon X55 5G Modem-RF System is a comprehensive modem-to-antenna solution designed to allow OEMs to build 5G multimode devices for a new era of connected experiences.

Vulnerability details:  Memory corruption in Data Modem when a non-standard SDP body, during a VOLTE call.

Vulnerability Type:  CWE-120 Buffer Copy Without Checking Size of Input (‘Classic Buffer Overflow’)

Official announcement: Please refer to the link for details –

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